Cabbage is generally a cool weather crop. There are quite a few varieties available in the market viz Green Cabbage, Red Cabbage, Savoy Cabbage, Pointed cabbage, etc., This article is all about how to grow cabbage.
How To Plant Cabbage Seeds:
Cabbage can be grown from the seeds easily. Sow seeds one inch deep into the soil. Spacing is very important in growing cabbage two seedlings should not be very close to each other.
Generally, it is advised to keep the spacing 6-12 inches apart. Another trick in the book is to harvest alternatively to give each plant enough space to grow.
The ideal soil for growing cabbage:
Check your soil pH before planting the seeds. An ideal pH range is 6.5 to 6.8. Lower pH can be prone to club root diseases. To increase the pH of the soil try adding lime along with the soil.
Choose the variety of cabbage wisely and as per your local environment. For example, if you are in a cooler climate, you can choose slower maturity variety and can grow huge heads, but if you are in a warmer climate, it is best to go for fast-maturing variety and grow in the springtime.
As you may have already experienced, cabbage requires regular feeding and a good amount of sunlight. In a hot summer provide temporary shade to the plants.
For a good cabbage head, maintain a constant level of moisture. Water regularly. Uneven watering can make the cabbage head crack. Don’t forget to read How to give water to the plants before start giving water to the plant.
Applying mulch and mixing compost with soil can provide the solution. Once the new leaves began to emerge apply fertilizers such as fish emulsion, blood meal, etc.,
A compost made of tea can be very helpful to the plant. It provides the much-needed nitrogen to the plant especially if the leaves are turning yellow.
Cabbage Pest and Diseases:
Cabbage is one of the vegetables that is very much prone to pests and diseases. One of the prominent signs is holes in the cabbage leaves.
There are so many insects such as cabbage loopers, slugs, aphids, root maggots, etc., some most frequent diseases include club roots, yellow leaves, black rots, etc., though the variety of problem differs very much and their particular solutions can vary, one of the general solutions is to go for companion planting.
If your plants are already attacked by some molds or fungal diseases, it is wiser to remove the plant. Also, crop rotation prevents many of the pests, you may also want to call the new jersey mold remediation to prevent future mold infestation.
Harvesting and Storing Cabbage:
You can be sure that the cabbage is ready for harvesting once you can feel their head become firm. Cut the head with a sharp knife from the stem.
You can refrigerate the heads for two weeks. Raw and chopped cabbages can provide a great compliment with barbecue and seafood. There are so many good recipes involving cabbage is present in many cultures. Cabbage is a good source of vitamin A, C, and Iron.
What is your experience regarding growing Cabbage? Do you have any trick to share? Any advice will be welcomed.