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Water: The Most Important but Negelected Factor in your Gardening

How to water your plants

Water or H2O is one of the factors in absence of which your gardening dream will never fulfill. Though every gardener knows the importance of water, not every one of us is aware of the different techniques which if followed, can maximize the impact of water on your gardening. This blog focuses on some of those points.

The quantity of water in the soil is very important to the plants. Too little or too much watering both can be detrimental. As for the beginners, plants prepare food by using water, sunlight, and Carbon Dioxide(CO2) with the help of Chlorophyll (which is present in huge quantity in the leaves). This process is called Photosynthesis.

Now without water, the plant can not complete the process and thus dies out. In case you put too much water the over wet soil can damage the roots, and can also become prone the many diseases and growth of many fungi.

how to water your plants

So now the most important question: How much and how often should I water? Well, the best answer is it depends on your judgment. 

Just do a soil test. Pick up a little amount of soil and try to make a ball out of it. If it crumbles in your hand that means it needs water quickly. If you are able to form a ball with the soil, without making your fingers stained, then that means the soil has the perfect amount of moisture.

In case you are able to form a ball, but your fingers become wet that means the water content in the soil is high and no need of further watering. 

How often you need to water the plants depends on the climate your plants are in. If the climate is warm and the plants are in direct sunlight you might have to water them very frequently. Likewise in rainy seasons (check out my blog on gardening in the Rain for more details) the watering needs are very less.

Type of soil is also an important factor in watering. Soilless media such as Peat moss and Coconut Coir does not require that much water which is required in normal soil.

Last but not the least watering also depends hugely on the type of plant. If the plant is fruit-bearing one, or have shallow root system you need to water much more frequently than the rest of the plants in your garden.

Morning is the best time for watering your plants. It allows the plant to take up the water and get ready for the heat or the dampness of the day. It also helps the plants to fully utilize the water for their food preparation.

The next best option is in the evenings, just make sure you put the water to the roots only.

If the stem and the leaves stay wet during the night can invite many diseases such as mildew and molds. Try to avoid watering in mid-days as it can be wasteful.

Due to the increased heat, moisture evaporates from the soil before the roots can absorb it. But never stop giving water to the plant in the mid-day even after seeing the soil is dry, just because it is not the optimal time for watering.

While watering makes sure you water thoroughly once a week making your soil well moistened rather than a brief sprinkle every day. Always give water to the roots i.e, at the base of the plant rather than giving the whole plant a shower (Don’t take the picture above too seriously).

People spend lots of time and money on landscaping, and other garden-related activities but rarely spend much time on watering which at times results in the death of so many plants in the garden.

If we take a little effort and apply common sense, 75% of the plant’s death in the garden due to lack of proper watering system, can be prevented. 

Enjoy Gardening. 

Please let me know what do you think about the article by commenting below.

Readers Comments (2)

  1. Very good article Prasenjit 🙂 What's your suggestion for those who make potting mix by mixing black soil + vermicompost+ coco peat+ cow dung manure in equal proportion?

  2. Thanks!

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