Believe it or not, the soil itself isn’t necessary for growing plant. You only need some of its constituents. The main reason people grow plants in soil is
- soil acts as a reservoir that retains water and other nutrients. And
- .Soil gives the much-needed support to the roots.
So if you can provide these two things without using the normal soil you are good to go. Today’s article is all about various soilless media that can be equal or even better than soil in these respects.
What is Soilless Media?
A soilless medium is a single or a mix of growing media that is used to grow plants. The most important point here is that it does not include soil. Soilless media generally do not contain bacteria or fungi so they are considered as sterile media.
A good growing media always support plant growth with a healthy balance of water and air. Soil sometimes has harmful bacteria and fungi, and are prone to be infected by pests, weeds and soil-borne diseases.
The soil-less media are generally considered cleaner and sterile. These media, as the name suggests, doesn’t include soil. The plants are grown in different organic or inorganic materials. Nowadays, soilless media are getting more and more popular particularly among container gardeners.
Best Soilless media:
The coarse sand that is used in gardening is also called builders sand. The grains are coarse in nature and provides good drainage. Don’t use play sand. It has very fine grains and will cause troubles.
There are also sand-loving trees and grasses to consider If you are thinking of growing plants in sand, succulents like cacti can be a very good choice.
If your plan is to grow plants that need more soil moisture, try adding organic matters. soilless media like Peat, coco coir can be good additions, as well as compost.
Nowadays, this medium is getting more and more popular. Coco coir is the extracts from the coconut husk. It has the same properties as peat moss but with much less mess.
Coco Peat was earlier disposed of as waste products. But recently, it has gained high demand. It is now considered as a user-friendly growing medium.
The two major benefits of using coco coir as a growing media are:
- It has an amazing ability to absorb and retain moisture.
- Coir is very light in weight, Improve drainage and aeration for the soil.
Earlier, mostly Coco peat was used as a growing medium. , but by now different mixtures are being made with the addition of Coco chips, Coco Crushed & Coir fiber to improve the medium.
Advantages and disadvantages of growing media:
Here are some of the most common advantages of using growing media:
- You can achieve high yields in a limited area by applying a quality growing media.
- They always give you better control over Irrigation and fertilization.
- Compared to normal garden soil, these are easier to disinfect.
- You can choose to recycle drainage water.
- Growing media can be used as an alternative to an inadequate garden soil (due to drainage problems, salinity etc.)
But Of course, there are disadvantages:
- Firstly, Growing media always have lower nutrient holding capacity. They solely are not good enough in feeding plants with nutrients. You have to add nutrients from time to time.
- They also lack a good buffer capacity. Therefore changes can be rapid.
Make Your Own Mix Using Various Soilless Media:
Depending upon your choice of crops you can prepare your own mix. Standard practice is mixing Coconut coir (or peat moss), perlite (or vermiculite), a small amount of fertilizer (Soilless mixes don’t have much fertility by itself. So you need to provide fertilizer from outside) and ground limestone (so that soil-less mix will contain the nutrients also).
There are several other soil-less mix recipes available online which you can easily find. Also, there are several ready mixes available for you to buy.
Things You Need To Remember Before Making A Soil Less Mix:
Here are some of the important points you should consider before making a potting soil.
- Lightly moisten the mix before filling the container.
- Don’t pack the mix too tightly when planting.
- Water thoroughly after planting.
- In absence of fertilizer in the mix, start fertilizing two or three weeks after plantation.
I would be very happy if this information helped you in any form. If you have any feedback please use the comment box below.
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