Rose Gardening Tips: How To Grow A Beautiful Rose Garden

rose gardening tips

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Rose is one of my favorite flowers, and many of you might also agree with me. But if you are one of those gardeners who still not been able to figure out how to grow roses, I will share some useful rose gardening tips that will definitely be helpful.

Well, as per the expert’s roses are one of the most resilient plants you can put into landscaping. This article will put some of the techniques in terms of choosing the right variety, planting, and taking caring which will definitely increase your success rate.

Ideal Rose Gardening Environment

Ideal pH Range For Growing Roses: 

The pH range ideal for roses is between 5.5 to 7. In case the soil is more acidic you can add limestones to bring it to this level. On the other hand, If the pH level of the soil is less acidic try mixing peat moss or compost to bring it down to that level.

Where to Plant Roses in Garden:

Roses need a minimum of 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight. So plant them accordingly. Lack of sunlight will weaken your plant.

Morning sun is especially important for your rose plant. Be sure your rose plants are not devoid of it. If the shade is unavoidable, be it in the afternoon. Sunlight received in the morning helps dry the leaves that are wet the whole night. Early sunlight will also reduce fungal activities.

If you live near the equator or other warm areas protect your rose plants from scorching sunlight by adding some afternoon shade. Whereas if you are an inhabitant of colder climate, a full day sun is ideal for your beautiful roses.

A good air movement  is also very important for rose plants to fight against foliar diseases.

Never plant your rose bush near shrubs, hedges or other plants. They will block air movement and will also compete for sunlight, water, and plant nutrients.

rose gardening tips

Will Rose Grow in Shade?

Yes, you can grow roses in partial shade. Not all varieties will grow there but some shade-tolerant varieties won’t do very bad. Remember roses always prefer full sunlight. If you have no other options but to grow them in partial shade, choose any of the following varieties. 

  • Polyantha. 
  • Hybrid musk

See this video for a clearer understanding.

How to Choose The Right Variety For Your Garden:

First thing first. Know your local climate and the native rose varieties. There are many varieties of plants available for planting. Choose the breed that suits your local climate the best. For this, you can check your local nurseries. Here are tips for choosing the best rose plant for growing:

  • Select a good and healthy plant. 
  • Avoid the plants that are very thin or cracked, broken or damaged. 
  • Bare Root plants should be dormant.

Can You Grow A Rose Plant From Seeds?

Growing a rose plant from a seed is very challenging. The germination period varies from a few weeks to a few years. Though you can grow most of the species of roses from seeds, cultivars and hybrids do not follow this method.

The best way to grow roses is from bare roots or from potted roses. You can buy them from your local nurseries or from online shops.

How To Plant The Roses

What Season Does Rose Grow In:

Spring is the perfect time for planting your roses. The weather is just perfect to plant your roses. Before planting bare root roses soak them for 8-12 hours in water and remove any diseased root. 

Prune the canes. Remove any thin or weak growth. The canes should not have more than 5  healthy buds. 

How Deep Should Roses Be Planted? 

At the time of transplanting you need to dig a big hole (at about 15-18 inches wide). The size of the hole should be a little wider than the root ball of the rose plant. It will encourage outer root growth.

Add good-quality compost and fertilizer to the hole. Now add some water to your newly planted rose plant. Mound loose soil around the cane.
If you are planting container roses, you don’t need to mound the soil. In container roses, the root system is already developed. 
Never crowd your rose plant. Use the height of the mature plant as a guide. Generally, ⅔ rd of the height is a standard gap between two plants. 
You can buy roses either as bare root stock or container plants in local shops. 

Do You Need To Fertilize Roses? 

Yes, you need to fertilize roses. For a complex plant like roses, the usual water and sunlight won’t do much good. You have to give them a good amount of feeding.

What Is The Best Fertilizer For Roses?

All plants including roses need N-P-K for an boost to excellent health. Along with these roses also need magnesium, sulfur, copper, iron, and manganese for thriving. 

Finding a good fertilizer for roses can be challenging. Most of the fertilizers available are either not effective or not organic. Here is one organic fertilizer for roses that solves the problem.

How Often To Fertilize Roses:

Generally you need to fertilize a rose plant twice in a year. 

First time, when the plants start to leaf out. Generally it is in the month of March or April.

And the second time when the rose plants start to flower. Generally in the month of May or June. 

For some varieties like Hybrid tea roses or Grandiflora roses you need to add the fertilizer for the third time, generally in the month of August.

How To Water Your Roses:

Your rose plants need plenty of water, more than 1 inch per week. So water regularly so that the plants don’t die out of thirst. 

Don’t sprinkle the water. If you sprinkle water it will stay in the outer soil only and will not reach the main root which is deep in the soil. A deep watering is far better than many sprinkling watering. It will promote deeper and stronger roots. Sprinkling also causes fungal growth.

How To Care For Roses In Summer:

If you are confused about how to care for roses in summer, Apply water 1-2 times every week. Use mulch to prevent water loss, especially during summer. 2-4 inches of coarse organic mulch is fantastic for a rose plant. 

At the beginning of a summer season add some Epsom salt. This will boost the magnesium and sulfur needs of the plant.

Make sure that the water drains really well. Too wet soil can also be very harmful. Check the soil before watering, you should never over-water the plants. Only when you feel soil is very dry you should water the plant.

Early morning is the best time for watering the roses. 

I have discussed the techniques for properly watering a plant in this article. Read that for more clarification. 

What to Grow With Rose:

Companion plants help grow other plants. So when you are growing roses it is also best to grow some of these plants with rose. These companion plants will help roses grow. Some of the best rose companion plants are:

  1. Garlic: Garlic not only helps roses from pests like aphids and other bugs, it also increases the fragrance of roses. Garlic is also a good snake repellent.  
  2. Chives: Chives are easy to grow and they can easily harmonize with blooming roses.
  3. Parsley: the best part of growing parsley is, it will attract many beneficial insects that will protect your rose plants from Aphids. Parsley also makes your roses smell better.
  4. Tomatoes: Tomatoes protect your roses from black spots. 
  5. Lavender: Lavenders are the most popular plants to plant alongside roses. They attract bees and butterflies. So the roses won’t have to bother about pollination.

You can also plant Sage with roses. They are also a good plant to grow with roses.

Prune Roses:

Pruning is very important for Roses. Cut out any dead branches and weak sub-branches. Make sure air can flow freely through the plant. It will also help the plant look much more aesthetically good than a crazy mess of branches. 

Rose plants have thorns in them. So while pruning or any other activities wear a good quality pruning gloves and eyeglasses to protect yourself.

Pruning always helps to bring back strength to the main branches of the plant.

Growing Roses In Containers:

In case you are growing roses in the container, fertilizing becomes very important. As the roots of the plant cannot reach further into the soil in search of food you need to provide them regularly.

But be aware of over-fertilizing. It causes the plants to yield lesser flower sometimes with root injury can actually kill the plant. One of the best options in this dilemma is to provide slow-releasing fertilizers.

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