Today we will discuss how to grow garlic. This wonderful herbal plant is grown for its underground root or bulbs. Garlic contains numerous health promoting phytonutrients that are excellent against coronary artery diseases, infections, and cancers. Garlic is also an excellent source of vitamin B6, manganese, selenium, and vitamin C. If you know how to grow ginger and garlic you have all the essential ingredients for a healthy life right in your garden.
Scientific name of garlic: Allium sativum
Why Grow Garlic?
At this point, if you are wondering okay, garlic is good for my health. But why should I even bother growing them in my house when I can buy them pretty cheap at the stores? well, let me tell you this it’s cheap for a reason.
Do you know that in most cases, where garlic is mass-produced, they are treated with chemicals and bleached white with chlorine? If you are serious about the health and well-being of your family you don’t want to consume them no matter how cheap they are.
Yes, you can buy organic garlic in the market; but the price will pinch you. And after spending that much money too, you are never sure of its authenticity. When you grow garlic organically, you get best of both the worlds. organic garlic
When you grow garlic organically, you get best of both the worlds. organic garlic is grown in front of your eyes with very little spending. Garlic also provides support to other plants in your garden. Garlic is very useful companion plant. It goes fantastically well with most of the fruit trees, Tomatoes. Peppers. Eggplant. Potatoes. Cabbage. Broccoli etc. And the best part of growing garlic is that it is not that tough either. So wrap up your sleeves and stop making any excuses.
Types Of Garlic:
There are basically 2 garlic varieties available in the market.
1. Soft-neck variety: In this type of garlic the neck of the garlic stay soft after harvest. This variety is the easiest to grow. This variety is recommended particularly for the warmer climatic areas. they have a very strong and intense flavor. Soft neck varieties also braid and store well.
2. Hard-neck variety: Here garlic has a stiff stem that dries to a rigid stick. And it makes braiding almost impossible. If you live in colder climatic areas this is the best garlic variety for you.A nickel will get you on the subway, but garlic will get you a seat. Click To Tweet
How To Grow Garlic:
The ideal soil for growing garlic has only three prerequisites:
- It should be fertile.
- It should be well-drained. and
- The soil pH should be between 6.5 and 7.0
Garlic is grown from the cloves. For growing garlic, you need to plant the cloves into the ground with root end down and pointed end up. Break the cloves from the bulb but do not remove the papery husk which surrounds individual clove. Put the garlic cloves two inches inside the soil with 6 to 8 inches apart. Each clove will produce a single bulb and the largest clove generally produces the largest bulb. If you planting the clove into the normal soil and not in any soil-less media, it is better to soak the cloves in water containing baking powder and liquid seaweed to prevent fungal diseases.
Planting cloves from the grocery store can be a bad idea. They are generally treated with various chemicals to make their shelf-life longer. Instead, try your local nurseries or seed selling companies for the cloves.
Make sure your soil has plenty of organic matter. To increase the fertility you can always add compost to the soil. Select a place where the sun exposure is good. Garlic requires plenty of nitrogen so choose your compost ingredients accordingly.If you are growing garlic make sure your soil has a good amount of nitrogen in it Click To Tweet
Once you planted the cloves cover it with mulch. If you are new to mulching and want to know more about it, check out this article. After 6 to 8 weeks, depending on the variety and the weather, you will find the shoots coming up through the mulch. Water requirement of garlic is normally not huge. Inch deep water in every week is more than enough. Stop water once the leaves begin to yellow. This will help to make the bulbs firm.
Garlic has a very few pest problems. Rather it is a pest repellent. That is why in organic pest controlling methods, using garlic is a common phenomenon.
You can harvest the garlic once three-quarter of the leaves become yellow. Dig up all the bulbs and get them out of the sun immediately. Keep them in dry and shaded place for six weeks. Once they become thoroughly dry trim the roots. Cut off the stalk 1 inch above the bulb. Now you can use your garlic.
Apart from its intense flavor and culinary uses garlic is very good insect repellent and thus it is used widely in companion planting. For more information read about companion planting and its benefits in our earlier article.
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