It is very hard to find a person these days who don’t like potatoes. This is probably one of the favorite vegetables of all time. Knowing how to Plant potatoes will definitely increase the liking towards this vegetable.
This short and simple article will teach you about
Ideal Soil For Growing Potatoes
How to Plant Potatoes
How To Water A Potato Plant
When and How to Harvest Potatoes
How To Store Potatoes
This will definitely increase your confidence in growing potatoes.
Scientific name of Potatoes isSolanum tuberosum
Growing potatoes is not that difficult; and probably everybody should give it a try. It grows in full sun. So the first step to a healthy plant and good yield would be to select a spot where you will receive direct sunlight for at least 6 to 8 hours a day.
Ideal Soil For Growing Potatoes:
soil quality is not a hindrance in growing potatoes. You can plant potatoes in almost any type of soil. But the best ones recommended by experts are loose sandy loamy soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5 (slightly acidic soil). Make sure that your soil is not very hard. Hard soil can result in misshapen tubers.
To resolve the problem of hard soil mix coco coir and compost with the soil. It will also increase the water retaining capacity of the soil.
How to Plant Potatoes?
Unlike most of the other vegetables discussed earlier (which are mostly grown from the seed), potatoes are grown from the tuber itself and not from the fruit. To prepare a seedling, cut a whole potato with into small pieces keeping in mind that each piece should contain at least two eyes.Potatoes are grown from the tubers and not from the seeds. Click To Tweet
If you have very small size potatoes, instead of cutting, use them as whole. You can now use them in place of seeds to grow potatoes.
After making those suitable cuts leave these pieces in direct sun light for a day. This will help the exposed area of the potato to dry up and will prevent rotting once you plant them.
For getting good quality tubers you need to make the soil loose. So it is generally a practice to loosen the soil before planting potatoes. Use a tiller to do the job. once the soil is loosen up plant these potato-cuttings keeping the eye side upwards. Keep 1 feet space between two plants. Cover the potato seeds with 3-4 inches of soil. It is best to grow potatoes in rows. Keep each row at a gap of 3 feet.
Once the plants reaches 8 inches tall you need to draw up soil around the plant. If the tuber is exposed to the sunlight it will make them bitter.
How To Water Your Potato Plants
Potatoes require moderate watering. 2-3 inches of water weekly is enough for the plant. Make sure the soil has proper drainage. Water logged condition is not ideal for the tubers. It causes them to rot.
The requirement of water is most when the plant starts flowering. You need to continue watering the plants till the foliage turns yellowish. This is the most important time of potato growing because during this period the tubers are formed. So lack of water can hamper the yield.While growing, if potato tubers come in contact with sunlight it will become bitter. Click To Tweet
Harvesting and Storing Of Potatoes:
Once the vine starts to die, you can harvest your potatoes. As the soil is loose, it will not be much of a problem to dig. You can use your bare hands to dig the soil or you can use a shovel. Just be careful otherwise you could damage some of the tubers.
After taking out the tubers, lay them above the soil for 2 to 3 days if the weather is dry and no water is expected. It will help the outer jacket of the potato to become thick and will help in storage. In case the weather is wet please keep them in dry area.
After that you can brush off the soil from the tubers and store them in a cool and dry place. For more details on how to store vegetables read our article titled Storing Your Vegetables: You Must Know the Basics.