Though the requirements for raising a particular wildlife is very animal specific; All the wildlife have basically three needs viz. Food, Water, and Shelter. Before choosing to raise a wildlife landscape, make sure the place has all the required ingredients.
Benefits of wildlife landscaping:
Here are some of the fascinating aspects of raising a wildlife in your backyard:
It looks great aesthetically
It is good for recreational purposes
It reduces cooking and electricity bills by conserving energy and provide shade.
last but not the least it provides amazing educational experience.
How to choose the plants:
Firstly, choose native trees and plants. They are suitable for your climate and have a lesser chance of succumbing to drought or diseases. Next find out about the ideal growing conditions of these species like nutrient requirements, sunlight exposure, watering frequencies, etc. Before planting trees, consider this; the birds and small animals take tender leaves, fruit pulps, bugs, beetles, flies as their food. So, you should choose a plant that can sustain their need throughout seasons. Flowering plants attract butterflies and bee population (check out my article planting for bees for details on this subject).
Place some feeders and nest boxes to provide further assistance to the animals. One of the main problems you might incur is that you have to find different kinds of food to different kinds of species. Though sounds challenging it might be one of the interesting parts of raising a wildlife landscape. You should also clean the feeders regularly with water and some form of disinfectant.
Making a landscape full of wildlife in not only about the food it also concerns shelter. Making a brush pile is a great way to attract birds, small mammals, to your backyard. They visit in search of insects who love to stay in these piles. But this also invites snakes; so think carefully before implementing one. Big tree cavities are also a favorite place for many animals. Woodpeckers, raccoons, owls, etc. loves to build nests in those places.
Water is an essential ingredient of wildlife habitat. It not only quenches the thirst of animals it also provides refreshment and sometimes a source of food depending upon the type of animal. Animals such as a raccoon or kingfisher depend largely on water for their source of food. If you are planning to have a wildlife landscape you have to provide an arrangement for the water.
Now, you can provide simple structures like a birdbath or maybe small pond. Whatever is your choice you need to keep some points in mind. You must build the water source in a place where some kind of shade is available for at least some part of the day. It will keep the water cool and the evaporation rate will be lesser. Don’t allow the water to get stagnant it should be clean and cool.
If you are planning to build a birdbath, make sure to keep it higher from the ground (at least 3.5ft) so that cats can’t reach there.
Make the area around your backyard attractive and much more interesting with the help of ContractorCulture tools. Don’t get limited in your efforts to raise a wildlife and help in conserving the natural habitat for many wild animals.